Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva
Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.
Browse the simplest top quality Vape Kits and E-Cigarettes, for all ranges of experience including new vapers. You can merely get lots of the prime-rated vaping producers at their on-line retailer. The assortment B tilt, Series S22 and DNA mods are the very best class e-cigs manufactured by Jacvapour.
Include your cell amount and you’ll actually get updates to trace the driver as properly. If you want e-liquid inspiration then Vapour Uk provide a wonderful choice from every UK and US manufacturers. To try to make issues barely easier we’ve compiled an inventory of top-of-the-line on-line vape shops for each the UK and USA. Smokers might use an ejuice vape pen to wean themselves off nicotine behavior by progressively lowering the nicotine effectivity of their eliquid cartridges. A focus pen vape, principally generally known as a “dab pen” or “wax pen” permits moveable vaping of waxy oils. Concentrate vape pens and wax vape pens present a discreet technique to dab on-the-fly. E-cigarettes are digital devices that vaporize a liquid decision (e-liquid) to provide vapour, simulating the expertise of smoking with out the factor of combustion.
We consider delivering the most effective purchaser care and stock solely the perfect prime quality merchandise. Good information is that they’ve recently opened an internet retailer where you cannot only purchase all their e-liquid direct but in addition the latest vape gear. Direct from all one of the best promoting worldwide producers, aspire, geek vape, rincoe, vaporesso, vandy vape and plenty of extra all at your fingertips.
We shortly launched this web site however this lacked the personal touch and recommendation we’re well-known for. We provide a fantastic vary of tanks, kits, mods and equipment to cater for all, from novice to professional. It’s straightforward, flavouring, Vegetable Glycerin and Propylene Glycol each of that are commonly used within the manufacturing of pre-packaged meals and marvel merchandise! If for instance you might be smoking 20 cigarettes a day, we estimate that you could save as much as £3000 per yr by making the change to vaping. To defend our shoppers and employees, we’ve implemented further safety measures in all outlets together with perspex screens and social distancing markers. Established in 2012, we’re the UK’s largest on-line vape retailer providing the widest range of Eliquids and hardware available.
Vape Shop in Macclesfield, UK
All of our inventory is TPD compliant, and we satisfaction ourselves on only supplying completely examined and traceable merchandise. Whether it’s e-liquids or e-cigarettes, we’re committed to bringing you one of the best vape merchandise on the UK e-cig market along with a safer varied to smoking. For great vapour manufacturing and tasty flavour, you’ll be able to go for the V2cigs’s vape juices. Other occasions the gadgets are troublesome to function and the flavours aren’t hitting your sweet spots. Most of those innokin zbiip kit black factors are launched on by way of the use of poor quality vaping gadgets and e-liquids. VisitThe Eliquid BoutiquePeterborough for premium shortfill and nicotine e-liquids, vape mods, tanks, e-cigs and all vaping requirements you want for an ultimate vaping moment. Fundamentals In Toys And Video Games Selection For Kids And Teenagers ’re always updating our totally different, so make sure to verify again often, keep in mind when it’s gone it’s gone.
They additionally stock a incredible selection of e-liquids and whereas not the largest providing what they do have is high quality. Craving on your favourite e-liquid, nonetheless don’t have any inventory at your native vape retailer?
Vaping Featured Articles
Ask for recommendation on how greatest to modify to vape merchandise from specialists or specialist vape shops when you want it. Fast ahead to current day the place we now have bodily retailers all all through the UK, ranging from Dumfries all the easiest way down to London. Through empathy, endurance, and understanding, we attempt that will allow you to give up smoking as quickly as and for all. From our local and properly-established premises, The Vape Shop, Bournemouth, supplies an outstanding differ of vaping merchandise suitable for a numerous vary of consumers. For vapers who like to build, we offer premium coil wire and cotton wick that can help you create your own coils. Our prices are designed to be aggressive, while we attempt to offer superb buyer support and fast dispatch. For the extra superior vaper, we offer quite a lot of varied resistance and gauge coil wire – from Kanthal to Clapton and Mesh, Wick Cotton to coil jigs and quite extra.
At Vape Superstore our main goal is to help individuals who smoke make the switch to vaping. Our specialist on-line vape retailer supplies the biggest variety of digital cigarettes, hardware and e-liquids within the UK.
Vape and Juice is a UK wide retailer, with shops all through the nation, with the most effective vape deals money can buy. Our catalogue accommodates higher than 2,000 merchandise from over one hundred fifty leading brands.
Whether your on the lookout for that different nicotine hit, or whether or not or not you’ve made the swap to vaping we’ll stock every little factor you want for the last word vaping experience. Vape Town inventory all kinds of nic salts in an infinite number of flavours from trusted producers corresponding to Nasty Nic Salts, Dinner Lady Nic Salts and Just Juice Nic Salts. Vape Superstore actually is the best on-line vape retailer on your complete vaping needs, irrespective of your stage of experience or worth range. Our catalogue incorporates larger than 2,000 merchandise from over 100 and fifty major producers. Spin round our web site to decide in your favourite vape mods, tanks, e-cigs and e-liquids. Ecigwizard is among the primary e-cigarette firms in the UK and we have been supplying the vaping neighborhood with one of the best merchandise for correctly over eight years. Our huge range of top-end merchandise and wonderful customer support ensures that we proceed to be a favorite with vapers from all over in the UK.
We do not endorse the suppliers or the merchandise they supply on this website. This web site is meant solely for professionals within the trade of digital cigarettes or refill containers. We are actually taking orders for each Click & Collect and home delivery (Andover & Newbury). Sign as a lot as our e-newsletter to receive updates on new merchandise straight to your inbox. We wanted to offer one factor completely different, we wished to supply an everyday service to your area whilst letting you’ve the boldness in us from our everlasting shops. You can return or ask for help from any location irrespective the place it was purchased from.
Acquired 5 types of wire for coil building by House of Fraser 1953; renamed Frasers. The enterprise came to be owned by House of Fraser throughout the Nineteen Seventies (presumably through a bigger acquisition?) and was renamed Dingles earlier than closing inside the Nineteen Eighties. Vape Shop in Preston, UK (Wilmslow; beforehand Manchester) – Relocated from Manchester city centre to Wilmslow c. If you might be further away our next day supply service is by way of tracked, DPD delivery. Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on trend, magnificence, way of life, health and lately, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a “delightfully eccentric with a inventive tackle issues” with an ability to “deliver you new details that can make you go WOW!” . Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a daily contributor to the coed magazine.
Vape Shop in The Wrekin, UK
Howards – Bought by United Drapery Stores; later integrated into the John Blundell group; renamed John Blundell. The business got here to be owned by House of Fraser throughout the Seventies (presumably by way of a bigger acquisition?) and was renamed Dingles earlier than closing within the Nineteen Eighties. Finnigans (Wilmslow; previously Manchester) – Relocated from Manchester city centre to Wilmslow c. Acquired by House of Fraser 1975; renamed Chiesmans 1975; renamed Army & Navy; closed Nineties. Bought by Drapery Trust; built-in into the Bobby & Co. group; renamed Debenhams 1970s. Staddons – Bought by Drapery Trust; ownership subsequently transferred to Debenhams; supplied.
We know that everytime you go to an space vape retailer, you don’t pay postage, so we would have liked to do the similar on-line. A vaping system such as the Voopoo Kits usually consists of a mouthpiece, battery, cartridge (containing the e liquid or e-juice), and heating element powered by a battery. There’s an e-cigarette system to go well with each vaper and also you’ll uncover the best at Vapestore.
We’re an actual vape store for all your vaping wants, ranging from starter kits to extreme finish vaping gear. Vapestore solely stock top-of-the-line e-liquids, that includes a galaxy of flavours throughout every sort of e-liquid. We present nicotine salt e-liquids, extreme-VG, high-PG , 50/50 juices, nicotine-free vape juice, shortfills and nic pictures. See what eliquid flavours and vape kits our workers are vaping on from our big choice of over three,000 flavours in 10ml nicotine containing eliquids, salt nic and shortfills. We are a primary on-line vape store, engaged on long lasting relationships with ethical and accountable producers and suppliers. With some great flavours out there, would advocate to anyone looking out for a vape retailer in Dorset.
Aspire Pockex Starter Kit
Vape Superstore actually is the best on-line vape shop for all of your vaping wants, regardless of your level of expertise or price range. The vary includes vape hardware from well-liked producers SMOKTech, Aspire, Geek vape and Vaporesso. Our e-liquid collection is unrivalled, with over 1000 flavours from one of the best e-cigarette manufacturers including Dinner Lady, IVG and Nasty Juice. The objective the RDA is the vape gadget of other for lots of regionally is that it truly works by dripping liquid instantly onto the coil.
We aim to cater for everybody, so whether or not you might be new to vaping or an avid consumer, we could have what you want. You have to be over 18 and comply with our phrases and conditionsto proceed to use this website.
Vape Shop In Bury, Uk
200+ watts, Temp Control, Single to Triple battery decisions along with internal battery choices, we’ve got just the Mod for you. We have the most important number of coils within the UK, including all decisions from Aspire, Smok, Innokin and extra, with prebuilt RDA coils and wicking materials obtainable too. Our doorways are open 7 days every week, and our friendly staff of vaping specialists are ready to help together with your complete vaping needs. We will develop our enterprise to supply applications to cut again and take away any tobacco dependency.
Henry Sparrow Started as Sworders Ironmongery store in the course of the mid 1800s in North Street. McDonalds, Wylie & Lochhead – shaped from the merger of McDonalds and Wylie & Lochhead by House of Fraser 1957; renamed Frasers 1975. Ksenia Sobchak enjoys blogging on fashion, fashion, lifestyle, love and CBD areas. Ksenia is a contributing author to main trend, way of life and CBD magazines and blogs.
We consider delivering the correct buyer care and inventory only the simplest high quality merchandise. Our specialist data and dedication to superb smok m17 coils 5 pack service will help you to discover the proper vaping merchandise for you. Vapor DNA is the go to vape retailer on-line for vapers that love their rebuildable products.
We objective to deliver you the most effective and widest vary of high quality e-liquid from all corners of the globe. Powered by dual batteries, the Argus GT has a wattage range of W and features an intensive temperature management mode.
Hemp has decrease concentrations of THC and will have higher concentrations of cannabidiol , which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive results. Enhance your vaping experienced with the most important most inclusive vary of vape mods, coils, tanks, batteries and e-liquids in Stoke-on Trent. The Eliquid Boutique presents assured discreet suppliers in billing, packaging and shipping to guard your privateness.
- Wilson & Co – established in 1883; developing destroyed by hearth in 1909 Store re-opened with new grand constructing and have become known as Wilson’s Corner.
- With equivalent day dispatch and free supply obtainable on orders over £15, we assure a easy and satisfying buyer expertise.
- Our on-line vape retailer lets you store our full range of merchandise for supply to your door.
On Vapor Vanity you’ll find vaporizer evaluations, our favourite CBD tinctures & edibles, in addition to our take on different related products. JAC Vapour’s customer support team is high-notch, and they’re always ready to help you choose which vape greatest meets your unique needs. Come and expertise myCigara and we are capable of assure you a faithful group in providing probably the greatest service on-line and in-retailer. A fashionable and rugged advanced vape gadget, comprising of the dual battery powered SMOK Scar 18 mod capable of firing at up to 230 watts, and the suitably paired TFV9 sub-ohm tank. The PockeX pen kit is ultimate on the go all-in-one pen style e-cigarette equipment and a perfect possibility for newbies seeking to quit smoking. Designed to intently replicate the sensation of smoking by giving a restricted inhale.
Vape Shop in Coventry, UK
With Ivg Eliquid Blueberg 12mg 10ml and professional knowledge, we assist vapers within the UK and worldwide uncover the best product on the correct value, multi function retailer. Our e-liquid assortment is unrivalled, with over a thousand flavours from the best e-cigarette producers along with Dinner Lady, IVG and Nasty Juice.
A positive variety of clicks will flip the vaporizer pen on or off, a particular number of clicks will toggle by way of vaping temperatures. Pen vapes are usually conduction vaporizers, that means they heat supplies instantly within the direction of the heating factor. Brands can add a die-cut window, a seize deal with and even print theirlogo on customized boxesfor cosmetics.
Stopping smoking, particularly on your own, is not any simple feat and this is the place the story of VPZ begins. Our retailer offers a variety of merchandise from all of the precept vaping brands, along with Ohm Brew, VOOPOO, Doozy Vape Co, JUUL and Riot Squad. Designed for MTL vaping, the Orca Solo Plus is a great option to begin your vaping journey. The VooPoo Argus Air is a 25W pod system, powered by an inner 900mAh and the renowned GENE.AI chipset. Our Vape Rewards Club is free to affix and as member you’ll earn store credit with each purchase. You have to be eighteen years of age, and posses a legitimate bank card to purchase our merchandise.
We are actually one of many main vape companies inside the UK and we’ve been a fan favourite contained in the vaping neighborhood for years. Whether you’re new to vaping or an skilled vaper, our mission is to offer the very best quality e-liquids and vape hardware at the very best prices. At myCigara we’re proper right here to help you and the vape group at large to remain smoke free with 12 Retail outlets you could make sure to seek out our vape store near you. Vape UK is a primary on-line ecig store and supplier of vaping hardware and e-liquid. Get a unbelievable excessive-prime quality product with a dependable and excessive-top of the range packaging and printing course of. Vaping may be an endlessly gratifying, arms-on pastime for lovers which is why we offer a wide range of premium supplies and instruments.
Our aim is to convey to you top-of-the-line producers and flavours from all parts of the globe, as any delicatessen would attempt to realize. We will actively seek new merchandise, to give you the first alternative to experience innovation within the commerce. We will seek pure merchandise the place we will hint the origin of their elements and assist you to know our suppliers story. We are one of many primary vape firms in the UK and we now have been a fan favorite throughout the vaping neighborhood for years.
There’s at all times a fantastic deal to be found on e-liquid and vaping tools at Vapestore. Southwest Vape UK is a web-based store of E-Liquids, Vape Juice, MODS, Tanks, coils, Batteries and Hardware Accessories. Our on-line vape store provides a variety from well-liked producers together with SMOK, Voopoo, IVG, Billionaire, Aspire, and Falcon. We stock the bestecig kits, vape pens together with the newest liquid ranges,tanksand subsequent generationbox mods. Whether you want huge daring e-liquids or sweet fruity notes, or simply want to knowwhat is vaping, we’ve obtained you lined. And, if you want help discovering the simplest vape gear for you, our vaping consultants at customer support could be more than happy to help.
There is not any need to attend on your native store to stock up their shelves; our online retailer will have what you are looking for first! Here at Flawless Vape Shop, we all the time put the shopper first and make them our precedence. With that, we provide you with solely the most effective available on the market and every day update our web site with new stock. Browse via our assortment and if you have any questions or queries, please don’t hesitate to get in contact with our knowledgeable group who are here to assist.
Other occasions the units are complicated to carry out and the flavours often often aren’t hitting your sweet spots. Vapestore only stock most likely the greatest e-liquids, that features a galaxy of flavours all by way of every kind of e-liquid. We present nicotine salt e-liquids, excessive-VG, excessive-PG , 50/50 juices, nicotine-free vape juice, shortfills and nic footage. Vape Superstore truly is among the best on-line vape store for all your vaping desires, regardless of your diploma of experience or price range. All of our stock is TPD compliant, and we satisfaction ourselves on solely supplying fully examined and traceable merchandise. Whether it’s e-liquids or e-cigarettes, we’re devoted to bringing you probably the greatest vape merchandise on the UK e-cig market in addition to a safer various to smoking.
Capable of as much as 100W in addition to multiple other output modes it’s also part of the hardiest vary of vapes round. All in one e-cig kits for newbies, these compact gadgets make for the proper starter equipment. This fund is designed to deal with gaps not at present met by schemes already launched. The second part is concentrated to help microbusinesses, SMEs and massive firms of essential social or economic significance to Wales. Prospective candidates can confirm their eligibility and apply by way of the Business Wales web site on-line. The Government has introduced that the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme might be extended until the end of June to mirror persevering with social distancing measures.
So if you’re after a brand new vape bundle, in search of a mannequin new e-liquid, or just need to refill on a few equipment, at Vape Shop we’ve you coated. With similar day dispatch and free supply obtainable on orders over £15, we guarantee a clean and satisfying buyer expertise. Alternatively, you’ll discover out more about making the change to vaping, newbie vape kits, or vape merchandise for smokers on our weblog beneath. You could even get distinctive rewards and provides all year long, and should keep updated with our deals and product gross sales by way of the Evapo e-publication. We’re a real vape retailer for all of your vaping wants, starting from starter kits to excessive end vaping instruments. Vapestore solely stock the best e-liquids, that contains a galaxy of flavours across every kind of e-liquid.
Users who worth vapor purity over all else should uncover a transportable vaporizer with convection heating, or a desktop vaporizer. Vape pen atomizers attribute fully utterly completely different offers and designs that affect their vapor manufacturing. Ceramic atomizers make for an additional flavorful vape session, whereas these created from metals will warmth your vape faster and produce greater clouds. Ceramic atomizers make for a further flavorful vape session, whereas these manufactured from metals will warmth your vape sooner and produce greater clouds.
Highly professional, educated workers are available that will help you with any questions you’ve about making the change to vaping. A vary of scrumptious, fruity and extremely-straightforward 10ml E-Liquids which could be nice for pod and starter kits. Starter Kits Our vary of starter kits are good for these new to vaping and former. There’s an e-cigarette gadget to swimsuit every vaper and also you’ll discover the simplest at Vapestore.
Browse through The Eliquid Boutique to pick from the latest most inclusive assortment in London. London is an expensive metropolis, however your vaping doesn’t must add to your payments. Eliquid can embrace nicotine, dry herb/concentrates, or neither–and at quite a number of effectivity. Smokers would possibly use an ejuice vape pen to wean themselves off nicotine behavior by progressively reducing the nicotine efficiency of their eliquid cartridges. With an everyday tank, the wick stays completely vapers tongue cure revealed saturated all the time, and you may’t improve or decrease the amount of liquid present at anyone time.
With comparable day dispatch and free present obtainable on orders over £15, we guarantee a transparent and satisfying purchaser expertise. compact mannequin-new multifunctional AIO vape pen gear that brings the right vaping experience to the forefront with complete simplicity. There’s all the time a great deal to be found on e-liquid and vaping accessories at Vapestore. Whether it’s combine-and-match or discounted bundles, you possibly can explore the staggering variety of flavours or simply stay stocked up in your favourites, all while saving cash. Designed for MTL vaping, the Orca Solo Plus is a superb choice to start out your vaping journey. Designed to carefully replicate the sensation of smoking by giving a restricted inhale. The VooPoo Argus Air is a 25W pod system, powered by an internal 900mAh and the renowned GENE.AI chipset.
To try to make points somewhat simpler we’ve compiled an inventory of the only online vape shops for each the UK and USA. Be certain to learn the consumer guide and analysis the system paying express consideration to the security settings earlier than use. Powered by twin batteries, the Argus GT has a wattage range of W and choices an extensive temperature administration mode.
A vaping gadget such as a result of the Voopoo Kits usually consists of a mouthpiece, battery, cartridge (containing the e liquid or e-juice), and heating half powered by a battery. When the system is on, the battery heats up the heating component, turning the contents of the E-liquid into an aerosol that’s inhaled into the lungs and then exhaled. Vapes and e-cigs use e-liquid as a result of the medium for the energetic ingredient or substance you wish to take in. Vape Kits similar to Sub-ohm vape kits use a number of elements to vapourise E-liquid into an inhalable type. The range consists of vape hardware from well-appreciated producers SMOKTech, Aspire, Geek vape and Vaporesso. Our e-liquid collection is unrivalled, with over 1000 flavours from the best e-cigarette brands along with Dinner Lady, IVG and Nasty Juice. vape-fifty seven is an space vape retailer in Crowthorne who delight ourselves on offering nice advice to seek out the best e-cigarette, vaping kits and e-juices for you.
Our mission is to provide the most suitable choice of actual vape merchandise at the best possible prices, with the perfect ranges of buyer help. All of our products embody full guarantee, value match assure and FREE firstclass provide do you have to spend over £20.
We provide a unbelievable range of tanks, kits, mods and tools to cater for all, from novice to skilled. It’s straightforward, flavouring, Vegetable Glycerin and Propylene Glycol each of that are generally used inside the manufacturing of pre-packaged meals and sweetness products! If as an example you might be smoking 20 cigarettes a day, we estimate that you could save up to £3000 per yr by making the change to vaping. To defend our prospects and employees, we’ve carried out additional security measures in all stores along with perspex screens and social distancing markers. In this information, we’ll look into the climate of e-liquids, their totally different varieties, and the best way to decide on the right one for a calming expertise. If you’re seeking e-liquid and vape hardware at a lowered worth, then take a look at our vape clearance section. You’ll uncover merchandise along with tanks, mods and kits by prime manufacturers from all around the world, as well as premium e-liquid producers.
There’s all the time an excellent deal to be discovered on e-liquid and vaping gear at Vapestore. Our on-line vape retailer lets you store our full range of merchandise for supply to your door. Our store offers a wide range of merchandise from all the primary vaping producers, together with Ohm Brew, VOOPOO, Doozy Vape Co, JUUL and Riot Squad. We concentrate on having expert knowledge, providing outstanding customer care, and stocking a big selection of solely the very highest quality vaping manufacturers from everywhere in the world. An e-cigarette or “e-cig” is an electrical gadget that heats e-liquid into an inhalable vapour. E-cigarettes are usually made from three factor elements; a rechargeable battery, a vape tank and an atomiser or vape coil. Today our on-line Vape Shop has an inventory of Over 400 E-Liquids from over one hundred E Liquid Brands with the likes of Dinner Lady, Cigara Originals and Vampire Vape to name a couple of.
So whenever you’re after a model new vape equipment, on the lookout for a model new e-liquid, or just wish to replenish on a couple of equipment, at Vape Shop we’ve you covered. With similar day dispatch and free supply obtainable on orders over £15, we guarantee a easy and satisfying customer expertise. Alternatively, yow will discover out extra about making the change to vaping, beginner vape kits, or vape merchandise for people who smoke on our weblog underneath. You could even get distinctive rewards and provides throughout the year, and should keep updated with our deals and product sales via the Evapo e-e-publication. We quickly introduced this website nonetheless this lacked the non-public contact and advice we’re famous for.
Bourne & Hollingsworth – Closed 1983.Bourne & Hollingsworth – Opened as a department of Bourne & Hollingsworth of Oxford Street; sold 1979. Edward Bates – established 1869; bought by Bentalls in 1979; renamed Bentalls; closed within the Nineteen Eighties. Bought by Selfridges in 1919; included into Selfridge Provincial Stores in 1926; rebuilt in 1935. Acquired by John Lewis Partnership in 1940; closed in 1981; building subsequently occupied by Waitrose. Store was closed by then house owners Merchant Retail on the thirty first July 2004, contributing £300,000 revenue to the group. The developing was bought to Atlantic Property Developments plc who demolished the setting up in 2005. Wilson & Co – established in 1883; setting up destroyed by fire in 1909 Store re-opened with new grand building and became generally known as Wilson’s Corner.
At 88vape.com you’ve obtained entry to our full range of UK made eliquids, vape kits and online exclusives. You moreover get free supply when you spend simply £15, so you needn’t worry about parking or getting caught within the rain. This might be a difficult one as it’s all about what feels best for you and what number of cigarettes you smoke per day, nonetheless we do have a info to get you heading in the right direction. All of our e-liquids are that may be purchased in an excellent vary of sizes – 10ml, 30ml and 120ml – and we provide four hundred totally completely different flavours to choose from. Whether you like a tobacco e juice or one thing fruitier, our intensive differ will enchantment to every palate. As one of many main on-line Vape firms, we offer a wide selection of e-liquids from fully different producers in numerous flavours and strengths. Every day at the ‘Vape & Juice’ vapor store grind, is about turning into the UK’s finest vape store on-line and offline.